Rear-end loaders have various advantages over front loaders such as higher weight capacity and lift angle. They are particularly useful for larger organisations, where small tractors with front loaders are not a viable investment. It is also simply impractical to fix front loaders on to larger tractors: the enormous engine hood limits the driver's line of sight, and the maintenance access is significantly compromised. In order to use a rear-end loader properly, it is essential to be in reverse gear. For this reason, the driver's seat and all controls must be able to rotate 180 degrees, so that the rear loader can be of use. The loader is attached to the tractor's three-point hitch.
Rear loaders make light work of activities such as stacking hay bales, loading crops, and various transport tasks. The attachment can come in particularly useful in poor ground conditions, for example in crumbly and muddy conditions where the narrower front tyres risk damaging the field. The rear loader spreads the pressure of the task across the broader rear tyres, protecting the ground to a greater extent. A rear loader's dumping valve is also impressive in comparison to that of a front loader because mobility is not impaired by the engine hood.
When using a rear loader it is recommended to also use lateral counterweights to ensure that the vehicle remains stable and upright when lifting heavy loads. One small disadvantage of a rear-end loader is the restricted view when lifting things high up. Large tractors with rear loaders are also inevitably less manoeuvrable than telescopic loaders or front loaders. However, rear loaders are overall better front loaders due to their greater weight capacity, faster load times and more overload capacity. Furthermore, when using a rear loader there is no need to lock the front axle suspension. This makes uneven terrain a lot more comfortable for the driver.